FAQ - Installation

Can I glue the flooring to the substrate?
Panache flooring must be either nailed or stapled to the subfloor.

What subfloor do I need to install my Panache flooring?
We recommend the use of either plywood or flooring grade O.S.B.

How thick does my sub floor have to be?
3/4 inch.

Can I install Panache flooring in my basement?
It is not recommended to install hardwood flooring in a basement. There is too much humidity.

Do I have to acclimate the flooring before installation?
Yes it is absolutely necessary to acclimate the flooring 72 hours prior to installing the flooring. The flooring has to acclimate in the room the flooring will be installed.

Can a hardwood floor be floated?
Our hardwood flooring is a four-sided tongue-and-groove product that can be nailed directly to a wood subfloor. Solid hardwood flooring cannot be floated. Refer to Canadian Flooring engineered floors at

Do I need a moisture barrier if it is above grade?
Yes. We recommend using a waxed paper. This vapor barrier should be laid between the hardwood flooring and the wood subfloor to prevent any moisture from getting to the floor, made of soft wood, and your new hardwood. Installation becomes easier as you are not forcing wood on wood. Waxed paper will help in reducing squeaks.
What about installing wood in high traffic areas like kitchens?
The urethane finishes on most new wood floors stand up to water and traffic, bringing wood flooring into bathrooms, kitchens, and other higher-stress areas. These finishes resist wear and stains better than other finishes and require no stripping, no buffing and no waxing. High traffic areas include exterior doorways, hallways, mud rooms, and the areas in front of the sink, stove and refrigerator. To protect the floor just inside exterior doorways, use walk-off mats or small rugs to catch tracked-in dirt and grime. Place small rugs or mats at other high traffic locations. Watch for grit or pebbles that might be brought in on waffle soles of athletic shoes and collect these with a hand-held cordless vac. This should be done a regular basis.

Can I install a solid wood floor over a concrete slab?
It is not recommended to install solid wood flooring over a concrete slab. Although this is the general rule, there have been successful installations of solid wood flooring installed over dry, concrete slabs. This entails several additional steps. A plastic barrier is set over the slab and taped at all seams. Then some sort of moisture-resistant wood subfloor (marine plywood) is built on top of the plastic film. Then the flooring is nailed to the wood subfloor. There are synthetic underlayment products on the market (such as Bostik Underlayment) that will allow for installing solid wood flooring over a dry slab.
Can we install a hardwood floor over an existing vinyl floor?
Yes and no. Is the vinyl flooring tightly secured to the subfloor? Does the vinyl flooring have a thick cushion attached? If the vinyl floor is thin and well secured to the subfloor you may be able to float engineered wood flooring over it. In some situations you may be able nail/staple a wood floor over it also. If the wood subfloor is sound you may be able to nail a solid wood floor over the top.

Can I install a hardwood floor if I have pets?
Although many homeowners have pets, hardwood flooring is not designed for the abuse a dog or cat can cause on a floor. Urine may permanently discolor the finish of the wood floor and large dogs' claws will probably leave scratches in the finish. The type of wood floor you buy, the color and the finish will also be factor in how much punishment the floor's finish can withstand before showing scratches and excessive wear.

Can I install floorboards in the same direction as joists?
NO. Installation of strips in the same direction as the joists is not recommended. Installing the strips perpendicular to the joists reinforces the entire floor, provides greater product stability, reduces subfloor sag between the joists and greatly diminishes creaking. If it is impossible to install perpendicular to the joists, you must add a sheet of plywood at least 13 mm (1/2 ") thick that you will glue and heavily screw to the existing plywood and joists. The new plywood must be installed so that its joints are located halfway between those in the existing plywood.

Can solid flooring be installed on a radiant heating system?
YES. You must follow the recommendations of the radiant heat system manufacturer and thoroughly understand how this type of heating can interact with the strips. Radiant heat systems heat the room through the subfloor. Consequently, even though heat is minimal, it can dry out the strips of the floor and reduce the moisture content of the wood, thus creating spaces between the strips. In some cases, if the moisture content in the strips drops too much, dehydration could cause them to split. The relative humidity of the installation site, the moisture content of the subfloor and moisture content of the hardwood floor must be ideal and well controlled before proceeding to install the floor.
Can solid flooring be installed on an OSB subfloor?
YES. It is possible to install strips on an OSB subfloor. Please note that OSBs provide an inferior hold on nails (or staples) when compared to plywood; this could cause creaking. To eliminate this possibility, it is recommended that you add a 13 mm (1/2 ") plywood which will be glued to the OSB and screwed 10 cm (4") into the joists with appropriate subfloor screws, before beginning to install the strips.
What precautions must be taken before delivery and installation of a solid hardwood floor in a new construction site?
Many materials, including timber wood, used in home construction or renovation are very humid. In addition, some jobs, such as the treatment of joints, concrete, and painting create a lot of humidity which can take weeks, even months, before being completely absorbed. In fact, a new home construction may take a year to completely dry. The abnormally high humidity level can impact your flooring.
Before installing a solid hardwood floor, ensure that all jobs that create humidity are complete and dry. In addition, hardwood floors should be installed last. Ideally, a waiting period of 30 days before delivery and installation would be required after high humidity jobs are complete. Since this is not always possible, other precautions must be taken, such as testing the moisture content of the plywood in the subfloor, using a hydrometer. The moisture content must not exceed 12%; using your hydrometer, also test the relative humidity in the home. If needed, aerate the building to bring the relative humidity level as close as possible to the ideal level, that is, 40% to 45%
Ideally, delivery should take place 3 to 4 days before installation. Spread out the boxes in the various rooms to acclimate the floor to its new environment. The moisture content of the wood prior to its installation should be around 7% to 8% Install #15 felt paper between the plywood and the strips.
Does a pneumatic hardwood hammer make installation easier?
NO. With the pneumatic hardwood hammer, as is the case with the manual hardwood hammer, it’s the impact of the weight on the hammer’s piston that matters and it’s essentially the same for both types. It’s important that the force used be reasonable and constant from one impact to the next. The impact of the weight on the hammer allows the nail or staple to be inserted but also permits the strip to fit in snugly with those in the preceding row. It is easier for new users to understand the force to use on impact by using a manual hardwood hammer. Pneumatic hammers must be used with great care. If the air pressure is too high, the physical structure of the strips can be irreparably damaged; they may even crack or split several months after installation. On the other hand, air pressure that is too low can also cause cracking and splitting. Nails that are improperly inserted can place undue stress on the strips’ mortises. A manual nailer is far better than a pneumatic one for novice installers.